Housing in India

Housing in India is highly variable and reflects the socio-economic mix of its huge population.

Housing ranges from ancient palaces of Maharajas Rajasthan modern apartment buildings in large cities to small huts in remote villages. There has been tremendous growth in the real estate sector in India, revenues have increased.

There are certain unique features of Indian culture that drives your home setup. The most common structure is for the family to live in the same house. For example, grandparents, sons, daughters and grandchildren living in the same household share the same kitchen. Brothers, sisters and cousins ​​grow together. Each combination of husband-wife has her own bedroom. The old woman in the house sets the menu and takes the kitchen.Women living with her in-laws after marriage.

With modernization is a small but growing sector of some nuclear families in urban areas. Still it is very rare that elderly people who live alone. It is very rare, even in urban areas of couples living together before marriage. Some young single adults living in dormitories of the same sex or shared in college and the first years of work accommodation.

The lifestyle in villages takes advantage of good weather. Families outdoor bathing in rivers and ponds. Most of the day is spent outdoors around or near the house. The cooking is done outdoors on clay stoves fueled by organic or kerosene stoves modern fuels. The water is obtained from wells by hand. Men perform their ablutions at designated locations throughout the day, and women have the call of nature till night and again used outdoors designated places usually behind bushes. Visitors from neighboring villages seen squatting for a card game in the afternoon under the trees or while sitting on charpois brought outdoors during the day. Therefore interior space used primarily for sleeping, change or, electrified houses to watch TV.

Social Housing

More information: Poverty in India and illegal housing in India

According to the Times of India, “the majority of Indians have space capita exceeding 10 feet x 10 feet room for living, sleeping, cooking, washing and toilet per needs.” The average is 103 square meters per person in rural areas and 117 square meters per person in urban areas.

44 percent of rural households have access to electricity. Although cities have better facilities than the villages, except for large metropolitan areas, no city in India provides water supply throughout the day.

A 2007 study by the Asian Development Bank in 20 cities showed that the average duration of the offer was only 4.3 hours per day. The longest duration of the offer was 12 hours per day in Chandigarh, and the lowest was 0.3 hours per day in Rajkot. Some 400 million Indians have no access to proper toilet and the situation is even worse in poor neighborhoods across cities in India.

National and state governments are implementing programs, some funded by the World Bank to improve conditions. Bharat Nirman aims to clean water, Mission Jawaharlal Nehru Urban Renewal is the construction of public toilets and sewage systems. The private sector, including companies such as Tata, have begun to enter the low-income residential projects.

Cities

Mumbai

Mumbai experiencing problems similar to other fast growing cities in developing countries urbanization: large disparities in housing between rich segments, middle-income and low-income population.

Highly desirable neighborhoods like Colaba, Malabar Hill, Marine Drive, Juhu and Bandra house professionals, entrepreneurs, movie stars of Bollywood and expatriates. Swanky apartments have 3 or more bedrooms, sea views, tasteful decor, parking for cars and luxury bedrooms for maids and cooks. Only a small fraction of the population living in these luxurious Mumbai skyscraper. In 2007, Mumbai condominiums were the most expensive in the developing world at around $ 9,000 to $ 10,200 per square meter. Mumbai has more than 1,500 high-rise buildings, many of which are only planned, but some already built or under construction.

Despite recent economic growth, there is still great poverty, unemployment and housing conditions for the poor, therefore, a large part of the population. With available space at a premium, Mumbai residents working class often live in overcrowded and poor quality, with relatively expensive housing, usually far from workplaces. However, the economic boom in Mumbai continues to attract migrants seeking opportunities across the country. The number of migrants to Mumbai from outside Maharashtra during the 1991-2001 decade was 1.12 million, which amounted to 54.8% of the net increase in the population of Mumbai.

More than 9 million people, more than 60% of Mumbai’s population live in informal housing or slums, however, cover only 6-8% of the land area of ​​the city. Rate of growth of slums in Mumbai is higher than the overall rate of urban growth. Financial Times writes, “is the great panjandrum Dharavi slum in Mumbai”. Dharavi, the second largest district of Asia is located in central Mumbai and houses more than 1 million people. Slums are a growing tourist attraction in Mumbai.

Most of the rest live in chawls and trails. Chawls Mumbai are essentially a phenomenon of terrible quality residential multistory usually a little higher quality of slums. 80 percent of chawls has only one room. You live on the street refers to the houses built in Mumbai trails / sidewalks of the streets of the city.

With rising incomes, many residents of slums and chawls now have all the modern conveniences such as mobile phones, access to electricity, often illegally, and television.

Rent control laws have helped create a housing shortage.

Delhi

Delhi has witnessed a rapid suburban growth in the last decade. South Delhi, Gurgaon and Noida have added thousands of apartment buildings, houses, shopping centers and highways. Lutyens bungalows famous house in New Delhi Prime Minister, members of his cabinet, political and government leaders, military officers, judges and senior bureaucrats. New Delhi is also home to thousands of diplomats from foreign countries and the United Nations. With the growth of India, Delhi has been developed as a business center for outsourcing, consulting, high technology, research, education and health. The employees of these institutions are the source of the growing demand for housing world-class high-end provided by leading builders like DLF.

Approximately 18.7% of Delhi’s population lives in slums, according to government statistics, 2001.

Bangalore

In the 1990s the rise of information technology hit Bangalore. Y2K projects in the IT industry in the United States resulted in a shortage of qualified software engineers and systems programmers. Bangalore became the Silicon Valley of India, more than 500,000 were created well-paid jobs for young graduates. The demographics of the city changed, new buildings high rise apartments were built, office parks campus-style germinated, large shopping centers began to flourish, the streets were filled with new and world class gated communities are emerging expatriates.

Approximately 3% of the population lives in slums of Bangalore.

Kolkata

Most sought after neighborhoods of Calcutta are around Park Street, Camac Street, Lower Circular Road, Sarat Bose Road, Salt Lake, Ballygunge, Anwar Shah Road, Chowringhee and Golf Green. The recent building boom has become expanding British Raj era bungalows buildings high rise apartments with all modern amenities. Kolkata currently has the second largest number of skyscrapers and tall buildings in the country after Mumbai.The highest of them is on 50 floors. New suburbs are rising in Rajarhat and along the Metropolitan Bypass East. Once you buy bali villa and penthouses offer unrivaled comfort, taking into account the need for NRI, expatriates and the elite class. Avani builder is also an important. The tallest buildings in the city, Las Torres City South, are also condominiums.

North Calcutta contains mansions built in the 20th century during the height of Calcutta as the capital of British India, which covered all of southern Asia, Burma and Aden more. These buildings include courtyard surrounded by balconies, large rooms with high ceilings, marble floors, tall pillars and art crumbles. Most of them are in poor condition. The Marble Palace and other buildings received “heritage status” which provides funds and municipal incentives to repair and restore. These mansions serve as a reminder of the era of Bengali renaissance in the music and dance of Tagore adorned the living rooms of wealthy merchants Bengalis.

Chennai

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In Chennai, the houses are mostly modernized today. a simple single bedroom accommodation comprises lounge, kitchen and attached bathroom.This ranges from 1BH to 5BH even 8BH.

Hyderabad

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Housing Hyderabad, in modern times in 2010 has become more modern than other ages. The beautiful landscapes, sites, include excellent facilities.houses housing in Hyderabad have become an excellent infrastructure for gated communities, towns, cities hyper, property in Hyderabad was great compared to other cities lanco hills is building the tallest building in India, Hyderabad was they developed a lot of skyscappers as The Botanika, Lodha Belezza, aparna, knr a lot of infrastructure companies settled here.

Kanpur

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Corruption

Overall crime rates in India traces of other developing countries. There is a large housing market developed with leading builders and developers.Some local government officials and other elected politicians, developers and some law enforcement officials, acquire, develop and sell land illegally.Sometimes government land or land allegedly acquired for a legitimate government purpose is then delivered to developers who build commercial and residential properties and sell them on the open market, with the connivance of a small part of the administrative authorities and police. In a series of allegations in Karnataka, a lake was filled and government buildings down after illegal transfers a developer of mob-connected officials.Eminent domain laws, intends to acquire private land at relatively low prices for public benefit or redistribution of poorer under social justice programs people abused pressure on existing landowners to sell land to a governmental entity, transferring the land to developers at these low prices, which in turn sell it back on the market at much higher prices.

Corruption is often a reaction to the well-meaning social development opposition activists. Environmentalists, “not in my backyard” activists and court cases delay the possibility of extending the house. The computerization of records relating to the classification of roads and land ownership is a key tool in the fight against illegal activities of land mafias because it creates transparency in all information relating to a particular parcel. This approach has been effective in Bangalore, but efforts to expand elsewhere have sometimes been met with strong resistance by land mafias, which manifests as lack of bureaucratic action.

Common Management Admission Test

Common Management Admission Test is a computerized examination only in India. Scores This test a person on the basis of quantitative ability, data interpretation, Verbal Ability and Logical Reasoning. The Indian Institute of Management initiated this review and the use of the screening test students for their programs in business administration. The test is conducted each year by one of the IIM years based on a rotation policy. In August 2011, it was announced that the Indian Institutes of Technology and the Indian Institute of Science also use the results of CAT, instead of Test Set Entry Control to select students for their management programs 2012 -14 years.

History

Before 2009, the CMAT was a written examination in one day for all candidates. The pattern, the number of questions and duration have been considerable changes in recent years.

On May 1, 2009, it was announced that CMAT would be a computerized test from CMAT 2009 – The US firm Prometric has been entrusted with the responsibility of conducting the computerized test. The first computerized CAT was marred by technical problems. The problem was so severe that made the Government of India to seek a report from the convener. The problem was diagnosed as “Conflicer ‘and’ W32 Nimda” the two virus that attacked screen test system, causing severe slowly.

Approval

CAT is conducted by the Indian Institute of Management as a pre-requisite for admission to various management programs IIM, Indian Institute of Technology, Indian Institute of Science, the National Institutes of Technology, Faculty of Management Studies and some other institutions.

CAT normally held every year during a test window of 21 days in the months of October and November. A candidate can appear for CAT only once in the test window of 20 days. The test score is valid for admission to the next academic year only.

Examination Format

The April Fools Pranks 2015, like most large-scale tests, use multiple forms or versions of the test. Therefore, two types namely Rating involved. raw score and rating scale.

The raw score is calculated for each section depending on the number of questions answered correctly, incorrectly or omitted. Candidates are given 3 points for each correct answer and -1 point for each incorrect answer. No points for questions that are not answered. The corresponding raw scores will be adjusted, if necessary, through a process called match. Matched raw scores are placed in a common or metric scale to ensure proper interpretation of scores. This process is called scale.

Three scale results are presented for each candidate: a score on a global scale and two independent scaled scores for each section. In the two sections evaluate different sets of knowledge and skills, the results do not correlate through … sections. A high score on a section not guarantee a high score in another section. Percentile rankings are provided for each individual section as well as in the total score of the exam.

The Indian Ocean psychiatrists strengthen cooperation

The Indian Ocean psychiatrists began Monday at the consultation meeting for launching avenues for cooperation in the prevention and the treatment of mental illness among the countries of the zone.
This is a week of discussions and exchanges organized under the auspices of WHO by the Reunion Association for research and study in psychiatry and the Scientific Committee of the World Health Organization as theme: “Mental Health and Psychiatry: assessments and prospects in the Indian Ocean.
What regional cooperation for tomorrow? “Dr. Jean-Luc Roelandt, head of the psychiatry department at the hospital in Lille (France), co-author of the report Piel-Roelandt” In psychiatry to mental health, “submitted to the Ministry of Affairs Social in July, is on site since Sunday to set up regional cooperation between France, Mauritius, Madagascar and the Comoros on the occasion of this meeting.
In his report Psychic Source Reviews, Dr. Roelandt highlights the need to promote speech and the power of service users, to implement the psychiatric facilities in the city and set a ten-year plan of psychiatric hospitals closing after creation territorial department of Psychiatry.
According to WHO, 50 million people suffer from such disorders gradually leading them towards exclusion.
The number of depressions has doubled in ten years worldwide, now representing the second cause of morbidity.
The WHO, which is concerned about the lack of interest shown by governments to these questions, believes that psychiatric hospitals have not proven their effectiveness and, therefore, mental illness must be supported by the community.
Depression, alcohol abuse, schizophrenia, epilepsy, dementia, suicide.
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The data presented in the 2001 report of the WHO show that 20 to 25% of the total world population suffers from a mental disorder at some point in his life.

India confuses Jupiter and Venus spy drone

The army of India has spent recent months by a series of concerns. This is due to the identification of “two flying objects” that confused with Chinese spy drones using Flexispy technology. These sightings were recorded between August 2012 and February 2013, violating airspace limiting your territory with the Asian nation. After a series research and doubts, the army of India decided to consult astronomers of the Institute of Astrophysics in Bangalore. Once reviewed the problem and the data collected, scientists headquarters revealed that in reality were two planets: Jupiter and Venus.

YouTube: The Indian driving in reverse

We know that traffic in India is totally chaotic and drive there becomes a martyr at any time of day. And that tasted good Harpeet Devi, a citizen who suffered greatly with this.

One day, to his misfortune, Fiat introduced its failures in the gearbox and was forced to go to a workshop in reverse, as it had blocked him other changes.

And what began as a necessity convirió was an obsession for Devi. The man even changed the gearbox of the Fiat and now has four speeds in reverse and go forward, she says in a video posted on YouTube.

As the man said, the car reaches 80 km / h in reverse and the government of the area has given up driving permit this. However, due to the driving position, Harpeet Devi has begun to suffer problems in the neck and back, although he claims never severe enough to stop driving.

The video was posted a few days ago and it is shown how to promote youtube video the right way.

India launches a food security project for the poor

The Indian government has launched in various parts of the country’s food scales security program that will offer subsidized 64% of the population food, representing about 782 million people, reported local media.

The ambitious project, approved by decree in early July by the Indian government, has a cost of 22,000 million (over 16.3 million) and was developed by the president of the ruling Congress Party, Sonia Gandhi.

The Congress leader ja food program launched from New Delhi to commemorate the birthday of her late husband, the former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi – because it was said, “one of his dreams” andcould not fulfill it to be killed .

The food safety law guarantees 75% of rural households and 50% of urban the right to acquire seven monthly kilos of grain at subsidized prices.

According to the last official census of 2011, 833 million people live in rural areas of the Asian giant and 377 million in urban areas, so the plan would benefit approximately 64% of the population , some 782 million people.

The law, however, must still be approved by both houses of parliament, although the government is “optimistic” and expected to enter into force before the general elections of 2014, which could bring him support in the polls of the lower classes .

But the government did not have it easy, because many opposition political parties, including important allies of the government and the Bahujan Samajwadi Party (BSP, its acronym in English) have claimed more than 260 amendments to the law to support it .

“We support the law because it is made ​​for the poor , but we want certain changes are made, “said an MP from BSP, according to the Indian agency IANS.

The main formation of the opposition Bharatiya Janata Party conservative, is not opposed in principle to the law, but asked to be debated in Parliament.

Despite rapid growth in India in the last two decades, 80% of its 1,210 million people live on less than two dollars (one and a half euros) per day and of them 22% on less than 50 cents amount according to the Indian government, marks the poverty line.

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Search Engine Optimization is not marketing, it is the tool of marketing and advertising a website. With the help of a search engine optimization websites are promoted to the billions of users worldwide. The more web traffic a website gets, the more is the possibility of having a good online business. The SEO India companies have made great progress in services search engine optimization. They have won great popularity in this field and for his excellent work at cheap rates, most website owners hire a SEO company in India to optimize their websites. SEO service in India has also advanced the extent that the website owners, both Indian and foreign can not even think of SEO companies from other countries like seo consultant uk.

Search Engine Optimization is a complex process and any ordinary SEO company can not help, just a Search Engine Optimization company experienced strong can try each and every optimization procedures to optimize a website fully. Search Engine Optimization consists of two main phases: optimization on site and off-site optimization. These two optimization techniques are difficult, time taking, but useful for websites. The websites in which these two optimization techniques for any SEO India company apply, get lots of web traffic. The companies search engine optimization can not help web sites directly to get lots of traffic. They do so indirectly when a website is optimized properly, gets good grades by robots search engines because they soar high in the search engines. And when a website is ranked on the first page of search engines like Google, Yahoo! or MSN, it becomes visible to the billions worldwide users. As a result, more people connect to this website and therefore selling websites increases. Getting a website optimized by SEO Company in India is the best and only way to that website to rank high in the search engines to increase the sale of the website.

Indian government conducted a survey on the use of toilets

The Indian government announced a national plan to analyze whether people are using toilets as part of a program launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi three months to improve hygiene in the country using paid survey sites.

Health inspectors go door to door to see if people use the toilets. They noted earlier surveys only building toilets and no use.

The Indian government says it has built half a million household toilets since October.

According to the UN, half of the 1,200 million people in India do not have toilets in their homes, causing serious problems of hygiene in public spaces, involving the transmission of diseases.

Flowers for Indian wedding

Flowers play a very important role to decorate an Indian wedding paper. From traditional Mandap or completely covered with flowers, to floral centerpieces at the reception, shop ceremonial flowers represent most of the decorations in traditional wedding ceremonies in India.There are five commonly used flowers that can be used alone or in combination with other types of flowers in both the ceremony and the reception decor.

Marigolds

Calendula is a flower for traditional Indian weddings that adds sparkle and color to the decor. Both Orange and yellow marigolds are appropriate for an Indian wedding. You can choose to use a single color or combine to enhance the presentation.

Jasmine

marigold image by Igor Pashin from Florists Shrewsbury.

White Jasmine is a flower that is used in traditional weddings of South India, which is elegant and subtle fragrance that makes it a versatile tool to use in decorating flower. Jasmine can be used alone for a modern Indian-American wedding, or can be combined with exotic flowers in bright colors for a more traditional style of India.

Orchids

marigold image by Igor Pashin from Fotolia.com

Orchids of any color can be used in decorating, making them a versatile option. A chain of orchids can be used to decorate the Mandap or the bride carries a bouquet of these flowers. The white, pink or purple orchids are appropriate options.

Roses

marigold image by Igor Pashin from Fotolia.com

Red roses are the flowers to be considered for an Indian-American Wedding. Red roses can be combined with orange or yellow marigolds to pay tribute to the two cultures. Red roses can also be used exclusively on their own.

Gerbera

marigold image by Igor Pashin from Fotolia.com

The gerberas are available in almost every color imaginable, being the easiest flowers to match with the color scheme of your wedding. This is a very informal flower and simple look, ideal for informal Indian weddings. Mix and match various colors of gerberas for a vibrant and bold look.

Ayurveda: Indian medicine and health benefit

Dr. Thakur Dass, a specialist in alternative medicine, indicates that Ayurvedic like kamagra is an ancient holistic treatment, which originated in India and cure both the physical body, such as mental.

Ayurvedic medicine specialist said that the body consists of five elements: fire, water, earth, space and air. Thus, treatment is determined considering the constitution of each person and applied against almost all diseases as it is put to work in the body’s defenses against all kinds of diseases.

With Ayurveda can treat diseases like diabetes and even cancer, preventively. According to the expert, a treatment that has many followers in India is currently called “Prana”, considered as crucial as it is the vital energy that involves breathing exercises combined with yoga exercises. Thakur Dass says that “only with breathing are healing”.

Thakur Dass, who also specializes in acupressure, neuropathy and jyotish; said the medicine that is prescribed Ayurveda is based on natural products such as fruits, herbs, spices, among others. For his part, Dr. Renan Horna Figueroa, surgeon and president of the IV National Congress and II International Natural Medicine and Alternative Therapies, argues that natural medicine should occupy the Scientific rightful place, traditional, alternative and complementary skills should be differentiated of folk medicine and shamanic. In his opinion, “a holistic medicine that cures all three levels at once requires: emotional (mind), energy and body”.

Ayurveda includes diet and emphasizes the use of body, mind and spirit in the prevention and treatment of diseases. It is what is called a mind-body medicine, whose premise is to awaken the natural balance of mind-body system to heal itself.

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