Housing in India

Housing in India is highly variable and reflects the socio-economic mix of its huge population.

Housing ranges from ancient palaces of Maharajas Rajasthan modern apartment buildings in large cities to small huts in remote villages. There has been tremendous growth in the real estate sector in India, revenues have increased.

There are certain unique features of Indian culture that drives your home setup. The most common structure is for the family to live in the same house. For example, grandparents, sons, daughters and grandchildren living in the same household share the same kitchen. Brothers, sisters and cousins ​​grow together. Each combination of husband-wife has her own bedroom. The old woman in the house sets the menu and takes the kitchen.Women living with her in-laws after marriage.

With modernization is a small but growing sector of some nuclear families in urban areas. Still it is very rare that elderly people who live alone. It is very rare, even in urban areas of couples living together before marriage. Some young single adults living in dormitories of the same sex or shared in college and the first years of work accommodation.

The lifestyle in villages takes advantage of good weather. Families outdoor bathing in rivers and ponds. Most of the day is spent outdoors around or near the house. The cooking is done outdoors on clay stoves fueled by organic or kerosene stoves modern fuels. The water is obtained from wells by hand. Men perform their ablutions at designated locations throughout the day, and women have the call of nature till night and again used outdoors designated places usually behind bushes. Visitors from neighboring villages seen squatting for a card game in the afternoon under the trees or while sitting on charpois brought outdoors during the day. Therefore interior space used primarily for sleeping, change or, electrified houses to watch TV.

Social Housing

More information: Poverty in India and illegal housing in India

According to the Times of India, “the majority of Indians have space capita exceeding 10 feet x 10 feet room for living, sleeping, cooking, washing and toilet per needs.” The average is 103 square meters per person in rural areas and 117 square meters per person in urban areas.

44 percent of rural households have access to electricity. Although cities have better facilities than the villages, except for large metropolitan areas, no city in India provides water supply throughout the day.

A 2007 study by the Asian Development Bank in 20 cities showed that the average duration of the offer was only 4.3 hours per day. The longest duration of the offer was 12 hours per day in Chandigarh, and the lowest was 0.3 hours per day in Rajkot. Some 400 million Indians have no access to proper toilet and the situation is even worse in poor neighborhoods across cities in India.

National and state governments are implementing programs, some funded by the Makelaar Leiden to improve conditions. Bharat Nirman aims to clean water, Mission Jawaharlal Nehru Urban Renewal is the construction of public toilets and sewage systems. The private sector, including companies such as Tata, have begun to enter the low-income residential projects.

Cities

Mumbai

Mumbai experiencing problems similar to other fast growing cities in developing countries urbanization: large disparities in housing between rich segments, middle-income and low-income population.

Highly desirable neighborhoods like Colaba, Malabar Hill, Marine Drive, Juhu and Bandra house professionals, entrepreneurs, movie stars of Bollywood and expatriates. Swanky apartments have 3 or more bedrooms, sea views, tasteful decor, parking for cars and luxury bedrooms for maids and cooks. Only a small fraction of the population living in these luxurious Mumbai skyscraper. In 2007, Mumbai condominiums were the most expensive in the developing world at around $ 9,000 to $ 10,200 per square meter. Mumbai has more than 1,500 high-rise buildings, many of which are only planned, but some already built or under construction.

Despite recent economic growth, there is still great poverty, unemployment and housing conditions for the poor, therefore, a large part of the population. With available space at a premium, Mumbai residents working class often live in overcrowded and poor quality, with relatively expensive housing, usually far from workplaces. However, the economic boom in Mumbai continues to attract migrants seeking opportunities across the country. The number of migrants to Mumbai from outside Maharashtra during the 1991-2001 decade was 1.12 million, which amounted to 54.8% of the net increase in the population of Mumbai.

More than 9 million people, more than 60% of Mumbai’s population live in informal housing or slums, however, cover only 6-8% of the land area of ​​the city. Rate of growth of slums in Mumbai is higher than the overall rate of urban growth. Financial Times writes, “is the great panjandrum Dharavi slum in Mumbai”. Dharavi, the second largest district of Asia is located in central Mumbai and houses more than 1 million people. Slums are a growing tourist attraction in Mumbai.

Most of the rest live in chawls and trails. Chawls Mumbai are essentially a phenomenon of terrible quality residential multistory usually a little higher quality of slums. 80 percent of chawls has only one room. You live on the street refers to the houses built in Mumbai trails / sidewalks of the streets of the city.

With rising incomes, many residents of slums and chawls now have all the modern conveniences such as mobile phones, access to electricity, often illegally, and television.

Rent control laws have helped create a housing shortage.

Delhi

Delhi has witnessed a rapid suburban growth in the last decade. South Delhi, Gurgaon and Noida have added thousands of apartment buildings, houses, shopping centers and highways. Lutyens bungalows famous house in New Delhi Prime Minister, members of his cabinet, political and government leaders, military officers, judges and senior bureaucrats. New Delhi is also home to thousands of diplomats from foreign countries and the United Nations. With the growth of India, Delhi has been developed as a business center for outsourcing, consulting, high technology, research, education and health. The employees of these institutions are the source of the growing demand for housing world-class high-end provided by leading builders like DLF.

Approximately 18.7% of Delhi’s population lives in slums, according to government statistics, 2001.

Bangalore

In the 1990s the rise of information technology hit Bangalore. Y2K projects in the IT industry in the United States resulted in a shortage of qualified software engineers and systems programmers. Bangalore became the Silicon Valley of India, more than 500,000 were created well-paid jobs for young graduates. The demographics of the city changed, new buildings high rise apartments were built, office parks campus-style germinated, large shopping centers began to flourish, the streets were filled with new and world class gated communities are emerging expatriates.

Approximately 3% of the population lives in slums of Bangalore.

Kolkata

Most sought after neighborhoods of Calcutta are around Park Street, Camac Street, Lower Circular Road, Sarat Bose Road, Salt Lake, Ballygunge, Anwar Shah Road, Chowringhee and Golf Green. The recent building boom has become expanding British Raj era bungalows buildings high rise apartments with all modern amenities. Kolkata currently has the second largest number of skyscrapers and tall buildings in the country after Mumbai.The highest of them is on 50 floors. New suburbs are rising in Rajarhat and along the Metropolitan Bypass East. Once you buy bali villa and penthouses offer unrivaled comfort, taking into account the need for NRI, expatriates and the elite class. Avani builder is also an important. The tallest buildings in the city, Las Torres City South, are also condominiums.

North Calcutta contains mansions built in the 20th century during the height of Calcutta as the capital of British India, which covered all of southern Asia, Burma and Aden more. These buildings include courtyard surrounded by balconies, large rooms with high ceilings, marble floors, tall pillars and art crumbles. Most of them are in poor condition. The Marble Palace and other buildings received “heritage status” which provides funds and municipal incentives to repair and restore. These mansions serve as a reminder of the era of Bengali renaissance in the music and dance of Tagore adorned the living rooms of wealthy merchants Bengalis.

Chennai

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In Chennai, the houses are mostly modernized today. a simple single bedroom accommodation comprises lounge, kitchen and attached bathroom.This ranges from 1BH to 5BH even 8BH.

Hyderabad

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Housing Hyderabad, in modern times in 2010 has become more modern than other ages. The beautiful landscapes, sites, include excellent facilities.houses housing in Hyderabad have become an excellent infrastructure for gated communities, towns, cities hyper, property in Hyderabad was great compared to other cities lanco hills is building the tallest building in India, Hyderabad was they developed a lot of skyscappers as The Botanika, Lodha Belezza, aparna, knr a lot of infrastructure companies settled here.

Kanpur

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Corruption

Overall crime rates in India traces of other developing countries. There is a large housing market developed with leading builders and developers.Some local government officials and other elected politicians, developers and some law enforcement officials, acquire, develop and sell land illegally.Sometimes government land or land allegedly acquired for a legitimate government purpose is then delivered to developers who build commercial and residential properties and sell them on the open market, with the connivance of a small part of the administrative authorities and police. In a series of allegations in Karnataka, a lake was filled and government buildings down after illegal transfers a developer of mob-connected officials.Eminent domain laws, intends to acquire private land at relatively low prices for public benefit or redistribution of poorer under social justice programs people abused pressure on existing landowners to sell land to a governmental entity, transferring the land to developers at these low prices, which in turn sell it back on the market at much higher prices.

Corruption is often a reaction to the well-meaning social development opposition activists. Environmentalists, “not in my backyard” activists and court cases delay the possibility of extending the house. The computerization of records relating to the classification of roads and land ownership is a key tool in the fight against illegal activities of land mafias because it creates transparency in all information relating to a particular parcel. This approach has been effective in Bangalore, but efforts to expand elsewhere have sometimes been met with strong resistance by land mafias, which manifests as lack of bureaucratic action.

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